In January 1925, the Division of Anthropology of the National Research Council met in Washington, D.C., of representatives of fourteen institutions of higher education to discuss problems of vocational guidance in college. Out of this conference developed the Intercollegiate Council on Personnel Methods which undertook to investigate ways and means of making available to educational institutions knowledge concerning students as individuals. In 1926, the group requested the American Council on Education to sponsor a study of personnel practices in colleges and universities. As a result of this request the Council established the Committee on Personnel Methods with H.E. Hawkes as chairman.

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